International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports

International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports


International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports
International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2021)

Evaluation of toe dynamic pass performance in volleyball and swimming test & effect of educational and motivational self-talk in male students


Mohammadbagher Forghani Ozrudi, Ali Yaghobi

Background and Study Aim: The use of known methods to improve performance has been common among athletes for many years. The practical effects of the self-talk technique are related to the clear and precise signs associated with the task. The aim of this research is to study the Studying Evaluation of toe dynamic Pass performance in volleyball and swimming test & effect of educational and motivational self-talk in male students. Material and Methods: In this research 54 physical education students were selected in the age domain of 19 to 24 years old that selected volleyball for physical education. Subjects were divided to 3 groups (educational self-speech, motivational self-speech, without self-speech). Of course, not all these students were having volleyball records and they were a bit familiar with volleyball. After 10 minutes of general body warming, first one pre-exam without self-speech interposition and then one post-test with the interposition of self-speech, were performed. Data were analyzed with the scale of ANOVA; 3(group) ×2(operation) ×2(time). then for each exam used the ANOVA scale; 3(group)×2(time) were used two times, for significant differences µ2 and Kohen’s d & data analysis used SPSS22 software. Results: The result showed that educational and motivational self-speech both have the same effect on volleyball test, but in swimming test, motivational self-speech is more effective than educational self-speech. Conclusions: In general, self-speech is a useful technique for enhancing the dynamic operation in the physical education. Therefore, in complex tasks, the use of educational self-talk is preferred, but in simple tasks, there is no priority in using different types of self-talk, but it is preferable to use motivational self-talk.
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How to cite this article:
Mohammadbagher Forghani Ozrudi, Ali Yaghobi. Evaluation of toe dynamic pass performance in volleyball and swimming test & effect of educational and motivational self-talk in male students. International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2021, Pages 17-20
International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports International Journal of Physical Education, Exercise and Sports